2009年3月13日星期五

令人既羨慕又妒忌的菲律賓勞動法

上文《再談菲律賓人》提到菲律賓的勞工法例對工人的保障甚多,單是超時加班費,按法例規定就有10種,現詳列如下:

1) On Ordinary Days: Number of hours in excess of 8 hours (125% x hourly rate)

2) On a Rest Day, Special Day or Regular Holiday: Number of hours in excess of 8 hours (130% x hourly rate)

3) A Special Day (130% x basic pay)

4) A Special Day, which is also a scheduled Rest Day (150% x basic pay)

5) A Regular Holiday (200% x basic pay)

6) A Regular Holiday, which is also a scheduled Rest Day (260% x basic pay)

7) Computing Night Shift Premium where Night Shift is a Regular Work On Ordinary Day (110% x basic hourly rate)

8) Computing Night Shift Premium where Night Shift is a Regular Work On a Rest Day, Special Day, Regular Holiday (110% of regular hourly rate for Rest Day, Special Day, Regular Holiday)

9) Computing Overtime on Night Shift On Ordinary Day (110% x overtime hourly rate)

10) Computing Overtime on Night Shift On Rest Day, Special Day or Regular Holiday (110% x overtime hourly rate for Rest Days, Special Days, Regular Holidays)

如果員工需要在夜班工作並且加班 (法例規定10:00pm至6:00am為夜班工作),按以上法例要求計算便會再多8個組合,即是總共有18種超時的加班費,最高可獲286%的時薪,而且當地企業多是每半個月發薪一次,單是計算Payroll就令人頭痛。

除了超時加班費外,當地勞工法例還有一些令香港人既羨慕又妒忌的保障,包括:

1) 最低工資:分農業及非農業職位,而且每個區域的最低工資都不一樣。

2) 最高工時:每天8小時或每周48小時,中間的小休時間也計算在8小時內。超過8小時的按加班計。

3) 服務年資獎勵:每做滿一年,員工便在下一年享有5天帶薪假期。

4) 休息時間:每餐必需要有至少1小時的休息時間。

5) 第13個月薪金:對,你沒有看錯,我也沒有寫錯!法例規定,僱主必需每年多付一個月薪金給員工。

6) 社保 Social Security System (SSS):僱主及僱員需每月供款,供款額按薪金水平計算,僱主的最高供款額是每月1090披索。

7) Home Development and Mutual Fund (HDMF):僱主及僱員每月各供款100披索以用作員工將來置業之用。

8) National Health Insurance Program (NHIP):僱主及僱員需每月供款,供款額由100至750披索按薪金水平計算,僱主及僱員各付50%。

9) 退休金:按服務年資計算,每1年相等於半個月的薪金。

先不論當地有多少僱主會完全跟從,單看法例,看完後各位有沒有打算到菲律賓打工去?

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相關文章:
菲律賓
再談菲律賓人

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8 則留言:

匿名 說...

then why the hell are the ppl there still so poor?

Bittermelon 說...

問得好,就係因為在那裡做生意,單是員工的成本已經那麼高,加上貪污,政局不穩定,治安差等等,所以根本沒有多少外資願意在那裡投資。

匿名 說...

If u think the labour law at Phil. is good, you should take a look at China's, some extracts:
1) Each week working hour 40
2) Each month OT max 36 hrs
3) On normal day OT, 150%
4) On holiday OT, 200%
5) On special holiday OT, 300%
6) If sign 2 consecutive contracts, the 3rd contract cannot have end date...

And most importantly, these labour laws are executed and carried day by day.

Bittermelon 說...

Hi 匿名,
Thanks for your message. Of course i know the PRC's labor law. I said 羨慕又妒忌 is because I compared it to our HK labour law. Philippines is a "forth world" country but their labor law is better than us. how poor is the hk people.

Rico Lee 說...

"Philippines is a "forth world" country but their labor law is better than us. how poor is the hk people."

May be just too good to be true!

若缺齋老人 說...

休息時間:每餐必需要有至少1小時的休息時間 <- 我後生時仲記得僱傭合約一日工作八小時係包lunch break,所以先有朝九晚五既講法,但近年唔止OT變義工、連lunch break都唔計變成朝九晚六(+食鐘)...

豹哥 pallydou 說...

令我諗番起好耐之前的笑話:CUBICLE同監獄的分別。

Bittermelon 說...

Cubicle 笑話, 我都有睇過.哈哈^^

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